Woodruff County was named for William E. Woodruff, founder of the Arkansas Gazette, who became influential in Arkansas government. Woodruff County is currently celebrating its 140 Anniversary. Woodruff County's rich, level land is well suited to rice, cotton, soybean and grain farming and to the mechanization that has changed the shape of eastern Arkansas agriculture. Additionally, some light industry is located in Augusta, McCrory and Cotton Plant. These cities additionally are centers for outdoor recreation in Woodruff County.
The scenic White River forms most of the county's western border and is known for year-round floating and fishin. The Cache River flows through the Rex Hancock Black Swamp Wildlife Management Area in the center of the county and is nationally known for duck hunting.
The Cache River Natural Area includes some of the state's finest river swamp and bottomland hardwood forests, including some of its largest, most magnificent bald cypress and tupelo trees and majestic, record-size oak. Bayou DeView, which runs nearly parallel to the Cache, has been described as a "virtual island of bottomland hardwood timber surrounded by farmland." It provides good hunting, especially for waterfowl, and ample fishing opportunities as well. The Henry Gray Hurricane Lake Wildlife Management Area is also known for its excellent hunting opportunities.