Boone County was formed April 9, 1869, the 63rd county formed in Arkansas and one of the first to be created after the Civil War. Harrison, the county seat, has been rated by Rand McNally's Places Rated Retirement Guide as one of the Top 10 most ideal retirement spots in the country for climate and terrain, housing, affordability, low crime, health-care facilities, and recreational opportunities. The landscape of the county is flat-topped mountains and rugged terrain of the Ozark Mountains. Harrison is the county seat where the stately courthouse building is located. One of the most unusual monuments on any courthouse lawn in the state stands on this courthouse lawn, a large granite memorial to the 140 Arkansawyers who left from near Harrison to settle in California and all of whom, except for seventeen small children, were killed in the Mountain Meadows Massacre in Utah in 1857. Once a zinc and lead mining area, Boone County depends more now on cattle and timber as its economic base. Shops featuring Ozark handmade arts and crafts, restaurants, homestyle cured meats, and mountain cooking are dotted along Scenic Highway 7 that stretches through Boone County. Both Bull Shoals and Table Rock lakes are well known for fishing and camping and picturesque Crooked Creek, an Ozark Mountain stream, is noted for its excellent smallmouth bass fishing.