Eureka is greek and means "I have found it". But when Dr Alvah Jackson found the springs with healing water in the mountains of northwest Arkansas, he was not the one to discover it. The waters healing powers had been known by Native American tribes for centuries. According to legend a blind indian princess got her eye sight back from bathing her eyes in the water. Also Jackson's son was healed from his eye ailment in 1856 and from then jackson bottled as medicine. During the civil war it was used at Dr. Jackson's Cave Hospital and post war it was sold under the name "Dr. Jackson's eye water".
In 1879 Eureka Springs' magic water became famous state wide when a friend of Dr. Jackson, Judge J. B. Saunders, was cured from his crippling disease by the water. All of a sudden people were coming from all over to be healed and a village of tents and shafts was built up in a hurry. On July 4th the same year, Eureka Springs was officially founded. The population late that year reached 10 000 and in 1881 it was the fourth largest City in Arkansas.