Lincoln County was formed on March 28, 1871, from parts of Arkansas, Bradley, Desha, Drew and Jefferson counties. It was named to honor Abraham Lincoln, the slain United States President. Star City is the county seat. The Landscape of Lincoln County is rolling hills in the west and rich, flat, farmland in the east. Bayou Bartholomew runs through the center of the county, dividing it geographically and agriculturally. In the western part of the county, timber, poultry, tomatoes, cattle, and swine are produced and, to the east, rice, cotton, and beans. Cane Creek State Park provides quality recreational opportunities. Small manufacturing gives a great boost to the economy. In May each year, Lincoln County residents sponsor a May's Springfest on the courthouse lawn. The annual rodeo and county fair bring many visitors to the county. Also, in August, Gould holds its Annual Turtle Derby, featuring its fastest turtles.